Concentration Areas

Governance, Democracy, and Institution Building (GDIB)

Improving governance, constructing representative, transparent and accountable government, enhancing civil society and reviving and revitalizing institutions remain critical public policy issues in Pakistan, like many developing countries. This concentration will explore various topics: from civil services reform to local bodies; autonomy and independence of judiciary to interface between bureaucracy and political parties in a democratic setup; issues pertaining to productive functioning of provincial and national assemblies to training of legislators; skill development of bureaucrats, and the role of Election Commission of Pakistan. The class discussion would involve both theoretical aspects as well as an understanding of ground realities. Following is a representative list of courses in this concentration:
  • Federalism and Decentralization
  • Political Institutions and Policy Process
  • Governance and Management in Multicultural Society
  • Leadership theories, Governance and Management Change
  • Organization Theory and Human Resource Management
  • Political Economy of Public Policy

Environment Policy, Demography, and Urban Change (EDUC)

Environmental decay, rising population and accelerated urbanization is visible in Pakistan. Demographic change is phenomenal. The country has a population of 170 million and growing at a rate of 2% per annum. Forecasts of demographic transition in Pakistan raise concerns about citizen security, environmental decay, challenges of urban governance, energy self sufficiency, water conservation, employment generation, peace, security, governance and the list is unending. Population is a human resource that demands investment in improving its quality, productivity and skills.
The concentration will explore the nexus between environment, urban change and demographic transition, specifically exploring questions in population strategy that helps in managing demographic transition and is not simply a Family planning/Reproductive health issue but a core national issue, which has implications for the very survival and efficient functioning of the Pakistani nation-state. Following is the course list of the concentration:
  • Environmental Issues and Public Policy
  • The Informal Sector
  • Demography and Security
  • Urban Growth, Environment and Security in South Asia
  • Gender and Population