Course Descriptions

PPAG 615: Public Policy: Theories and Analysis

This course covers the formulation of public policies; its stages; theory and practice of policy analysis, issues surrounding the delivery, implementation and evaluation of public policies; and current debates and perspectives in public policy.

PPAG 616: Research Methodology

Familiarizes students with research methods in social sciences in general and public policy in particular; the epistemological and methodological concerns, both qualitative and quantitative, as they determine the nature and scope of research..

PPAG 617: Economics and Public Policy

Examines the economic aspects of government intervention in the economy; explores market failure, property rights, mixed goods; the nature of government as a producer and the political system as a mechanism for revealing consumer preferences; studies the economic literature on topics such as taxation, and the evaluation of public spending.

PPAG 618: Strategic Leadership and Governance

The course will analyze strategic leadership and governance to achieve efficient and eeffective outputs; will help to develop a critical understanding of the theory and practice of strategic leadership, governance and conflict management.

 PPAG 619: Human Development

Looks at human development beyond the life-span development approach; the human behavior acquired, maintained and modied in a social environment and with economic, socio-cultural and political constructs; Development Theory, theories of Social, Human and Institutional Capital; methodologies and strategies for human development within the context of state policy.

PPAG 620: Independent Study Research Report Writing

The course will help participants refine their thesis topic, develop their research design and complete a working outline for their project report. Emphasis will be placed on completing the literature review and methodology sections of the thesis. Students will be required to write a research report on the selected topics at the end of the semester.

PPAG 621: Technology and Public Policy

Explores the theoretical relationship of science, technology and society; policies regarding science and technology and Information and Communication Technologies to assess contemporary issues of governance and development will be studied.

PPAG 622: Institutionalism and Public Policy

Offers theory and practice on global institutions and policy issues; institutional causes and consequences of public policies; formulation of alternative and workable solutions to build sustainable institutions.

Areas of Concentration

Governance, Democracy and Institution Building

PPAG 625: Leadership Theories and Governance

The seminar-based course that explores skills needed for leadership and policy-making at the senior management level. Instruction will be done through readings, discussions, case studies, simulations, and self-assessment exercises.

PPAG 626: Analyzing and Communicating Public Policy

Focuses on the application of the tools of policy analysis to inform and educate the public and to induce social change; the examination of why policies succeed or fail. Participants will be given exercises in writing and speaking, conducting meetings, making presentations and working with the media.

PPAG 627: Public Economics

Looks at the role of government and the ways in which its policies affect the economy; will study efficiency and equity; the public sector and its decision-making; review of the sources of market failure: public goods, club goods, imperfect competition, externalities and information; and taxation.

PPAG 628: International Trade Policy and Globalization

Provides an understanding of the intellectual and practical problems those arise from the economic interaction between countries; existing patterns of international trade and assessment of the potential for answers; the global financial crisis, its causes and timing and consequent concerns for policy makers globally.

PPAG 629: Political Leadership and Policy Making in Pakistan

Studies how different political regimes and political leadership have affected policy making in Pakistan. It will study Pakistan’s political history with a focus on policy priorities for specific political regimes.

PPAG 630: Federalism, Provincial Autonomy and the Impact of 18th Amendment

Studies the theory and practice of federalism; power sharing and autonomy; the 18th Amendment and its implications for governance in Pakistan; the issues of federation-province relations; the degree of differentiation and autonomy at all levels of the government.

PPAG 631: Local Governance and Community Development

Explores the theoretical and institutional framework for citizens’ participation in governance; skills needed to devise a community inclusive in the decision-making process; understanding of citizenship, the civil society, the commons and participatory democracy; will explore case studies on organizing communities for efficient decision-making and provision of social services and budgeting.

PPAG 632: Democracy and Institution Building in Pakistan

Provides students with insight into the structure of key institutions in a functioning democracy; their consequent role in democratic consolidation; and the development of Pakistan’s key institution.

PPAG 633: Political Economy of Public Policy

Applies a political economy framework to analyze processes of public policy formulation and reform; use of Game Theory to formulate interactive decision-making among the participants; policy reforms such as democratic economies, autocratic economies, transition economies; reforms in health, environment and transportation, trade and agriculture sectors will be studied.

PPAG 634: Marketing, Strategic Planning and Communication in Public and Non Prot Sectors

Explores how public and non profit organizations/sectors interact with their external environment; their sources of revenue generation; development of their brand name/identity; application of private sector marketing techniques, methodologies and strategic plans.

Environment, Demography and Urban Change

PPAG 640: Climate Change Policy and Governance in Asia

Critiques traditional governance paradigms; will discover better governance solutions to the climate change problem; the role of traditional governance in compounding the problem of exploitation of natural resources.

PPAG 641: Urban Change in South Asia and South East Asia

Explores the forces behind urban change; the factors which changes cities; the effects of this change on consumerism, democracy, economic growth and human wellbeing as well as on new social movements, fashions and fads, political struggle and identity politics; and the effect of these factors on the nation’s stability.

PPAG 642: Water Policy and Governance in South Asia

Analyzes water policies of Asian countries; developing critical insights to make and remake water policies; the effect of developmental activities on reservoir pollution; water management; policies and governance responses to the water crisis.

PPAG 643: Migration, Human Trafficking in South Asia

Examines linkages between migration, human Trafficking and violence in South Asian States; the impact of internal and international migration on human Trafficking and violence; its causes; and the response of Different countries.

PPAG 644: Urban Governance and Security in South Asia

Studies the link between urban governance and security and the evolving nature of these challenges; the role of policing and civilian law enforcement in the South Asian context, and in Pakistan in particular; the increased rural-urban migration and the resulting urban violence.

PPAG 645: Environmental Issues and Public Policy South Asia

Explores the nature and causes of existing environmental issues, with a particular focus on their impact for the developing world; existing environmental policies – both global and local – and the drivers behind policy development.

PPAG 646: Comparative Urban Policy

Studies contemporary debates in urban policy and planning at the local and international level, with a specific focus on South Asia; the evolution of public spaces; service delivery; and the capacity of the government to meet the needs of rapidly expanding urban centers.

PPAG 647: Migration and Urbanization

Studies the drivers behind migration to urban centers; how urban centers can be planned to successfully accommodate their ever-growing populations.

PPAG 648: Demography, Governance and Security

Studies the linkages between demographic changes in states and societies and how that helps in promoting security and in reducing conflict; a comparative analysis of countries where demographic transition has either led to reducing or intensifying conflict; and the lessons learnt from successful public policies.

PPAG 649: Gender and Population

Explores theories, policies and laws regarding gender; the changing dynamics of gender relations with regards to education, marriage, family and fertility; how culture and religion reinforce gender identities; reproductive health, migration and trafficking of women and children.

PPAG 656: Informal Economy and Urban Development

Explores the state’s lack of policy regulation or its implementation and how that leads to an existing policy framework which facilitates or creates hurdles for the informal economy; and its impact on urban development issues.

PPAG 657: Social Entrepreneurship

Introduces concepts, practices and challenges of social entrepreneurship; analytical frameworks, approaches and tools to achieve social and financial goals and to become effective social entrepreneurs.

Peace Building and conflict Management

PPAG 660: Theories of Peace Building and conflict Management

Explores conflict management and peacekeeping; methodologies, strategies and processes of conflict management and resolution based on the formulation of conflict due to difference in perspectives, human relationships, and communication problems.

PPAG 661: Conflict Analysis and Resolution Strategies

Analyzes the context, actors and dynamics of underlying conflict f; the necessary peace-building strategies; tools and methodologies used for conflict analysis; issues such as stakeholder participation, ethics, gender and choice of qualitative versus quantitative research methodologies.

PPAG 662: Dialogue, Negotiation, Mediation and Facilitation Practicum

Builds upon the theoretical frameworks learnt in conflict management by applying conflict resolution strategies through practical exercises based on scenarios and role playing. Participants will explore the stages of negotiations and mediations, and apply techniques through a practicum involving case studies and simulation exercises.

PPAG 663: Minorities and Public Policy in Pakistan

Studies the consequences of diversity for nation building, policy-making and administrative governance; legal framework of the state, minority representation in political parties, administrative institutions and civil society advocacy groups’ highlighting of minority rights; policy responses to the existing challenges; the relationship of an Islamic State with minorities and human rights and insecurity among minorities.

PPAG 664: Globalization and Transformation of Religion and Politics in South Asia

Analyzes the contradictory processes that globalization unleashes such as conflict, giving new sensibility to ethnicity, extremism, nationalism, cultural wars; the impact of globalization on politics; usage of religion in South Asia; and the effect of globalization on the styles and modes of governance.

PPAG 665: Diplomacy and International Relations in Peace Building

Explores conflict; tools and perspectives in diplomacy and international relations including multilateral and bilateral processes, Track I and II diplomacy; role of international institutions in conflict resolution and peace building; the history and politics of UN bodies; linkages between diplomatic history, institutional structure and international politics.

PPAG 666: Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Policies and Strategies

Explores the history of terrorism, the goals and structure of terrorist groups, their means of resource acquisition; their use of ideologies for recruitment and creating support; the role of states, its use of non-state actors for various policy objectives and political opposition; counter-terrorism methods.

PPAG 667: Radicalism and De-radicalization in Pakistan

Investigates perspectives and frameworks of radicalization; identify factors fueling extremism; discuss, formulate and analyze de-radicalization methodologies and strategies within the framework of socio-cultural, legal and the political economy of policy reforms in Pakistan.

PPAG 668: Disaster Management, Reconstruction and Rehabilitation

Looks at the theory and practice of disaster management by exploring its phases; politics of disaster management, leadership, and the role of agency coordination; tools for vulnerability mapping, early warning, infrastructure protection, emergency management and assessment of reconstruction and healthcare.

PPAG 669: Discourse, Media and Violent Extremism

Explores the relationship between media and violent extremism on the basis of discourse presented in the media; role of media; discourse of terrorist organizations and their use of media; comparison of mainstream media and terrorist narratives; reasons for their convergence or divergences.

PPAG 670: Security and Peace Building

Discusses the theory and practice of peace building; security dynamics of Pakistan and South Asia; Pakistan’s current security concerns and issues; peace building exercises from different parts of the world; polices and interventions that can be applied to Pakistan’s security environment.